Knowing how Prophet Muhammad shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam strongly survive in his lifetime will make us understand and reflect ourselves in this modern era. However, there are many lessons provided in his history. There is no story which can generate faith and give a valuable inspiration, except his history shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam.
It is a really truth, Allah azza wa jalla said:
لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا
“There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often.” 
But unfortunately, in this modern era, now, many of us hasn’t emulated to Prophet shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam. In addition, we have inappropriately idolized a figures beside Muhammad shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam. Whereas, it is no virtue on them and they doesn’t appropriate to be our role models?!
Therefore, Muslim are now getting away from their prophet. They no longer know who their prophet, when the prophet was born, and from whom he was sent. They only confess to love Prophet, but their attitude doesn’t fit with Sunnah Muhammad shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam.
Then, Allah azza wa jalla said:
قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
“Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” 
This topic is very interesting to deeply discuss. To recall what happened in the year of sadness. We must open his story a glance. We will find pitiful and miserable story. It is not able to imagine how he encounter it. In that year, Abu Thalib and Prophet Muhammad’s beloved wife, Khadijah both died. Without protection of Abu Thalib, Muslim will experience increasing harassment and torture in Makkah. Khadija had loved and supported Muhammad throughout their marriage. She was the first person to accept Islam and had full faith in the Prophet shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam and in his mission.
Also in Thaif, the prophet began to speak to the people of Thaif. He would tell them about Allah and about the mission he was appointed with. The people were certainly less hostile but they refused to listen to the prophet shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam.
So many lesson will be taken from history of prophet by looking at how his attitude in that time. Following are a bit example regarding his beneficial lessons learnt from it.
1. A powerful da’wah of the prophet to preach his uncle, even in the final seconds of his death.
Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam said to his uncle.
أَىْ عَمِّ ، قُلْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ . كَلِمَةً أُحَاجُّ لَكَ بِهَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ
“O my uncle! Say: None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, an expression I will defend your case with, before Allah.” 
Although, in that moment, Abdullah bin Umaiya and Abu Jahal continuously said to destabilize Abu Thalib. However, Abu Thalib (before he died) said:
“I am on the religion of `Abdul Muttalib.”
After, his uncle died, the prophet keep their motivation to ask for Allah’s forgiveness for him.
Allah azza wa jalla said:
مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْبَى مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ
“It is not fitting for the Prophet (ﷺ) and the believers to ask Allah’s Forgiveness for the pagans, even if they were their near relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire.” 
And also in surah Al-Qasas verse 56,
إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ
“(O Prophet!) Verily, you guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He will” 
From this, we can learn if we preach other, supposing, it is our family, our parents, our children, etc. But they doesn’t fully accepted us. Don’t give up and keep your spirit up. Because, our duty is to convey whereas regarding their acceptance, we submit it to Allah azza wa jalla. Allah knows the best.
2. The prophet was a very patient and kindly person. He is not a spiteful person. It can be taken when Khadijah radhiyallahu ‘anha died. He had realized that everyone would die. So, he was not deeply sad but he continued his da’wah to spread Islam. However, we should follow him when we are being tested too by Allah azza wa jalla such as our father or mother die, etc.
We always remember that Allah azza wa jalla have said:
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ
“Every soul will taste death” 
After the death of Khadijah radhiyallahu ‘anha, Rasulullah commented related to Khadijah. He completely loves her. Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam said:
إِنِّي قَدْ رُزِقْتُ حُبَّهَا
“Her love had been nurtured in my heart by Allah Himself.”
From this, we can learn that a good wife will be a helper and truly supporter for her husband to face a pressure and many obstacle in da’wah like Khadijah radhiyallahu ‘anha. Also, we should guide our wife (now) to become Khadijah (ideally) -as a good wife for the Prophet- due to she will continuously motivate us to be strong in facing many problems in future (fii sabilillah). The other lesson we can obtain that we should keep a good relationship to our wives friends (when she was alive). This is also recommended to our closest relatives (if he/she was died).
As mentioned by Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam.
مَا غِرْتُ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْ نِسَاءِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَا غِرْتُ عَلَى خَدِيْجَةَ وَمَا رَأَيْتَهَا وَلَكِنْ كَانَ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يُكْثِرُ ذِكْرَهَا وَرُبَّمَا ذَبَحَ الشَّاةَ ثُمَّ يَقْطَعُهَا أَعْضَاءَ ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُهَا فِي صَدَائِقِ خَدِيْجَةَ فَرُبَّمَا قُلْتُ لَهُ كَأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِي الدُّنْيَا امْرَأَةٌ إِلاَّ خَدِيْجَةُ فَيَقُوْلُ إِنَّهَا كَانَتْ وَكَانَتْ وَكَانَ لِي مِنْهَا وَلَدٌ
“I (Aisyah radhiyallahu ‘anha) did not feel jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet as much as I did of Khadija though I did not see her, but the Prophet used to mention her very often, and whenever he slaughtered a sheep, he would cut its parts and send them to the women friends of Khadija. When I sometimes said to him, “(You treat Khadija in such a way) as if there is no woman on earth except Khadija,” he would say, “Khadija was such-and-such, and from her I had children.”
It is best to know that the prophet is not a spiteful, However, If he is a vindictive person, then he would say to Angel of the mountains “Ok, fall it on them!” but actually he didn’t say like that.
فَنَادَانِي مَلَكُ الْجِبَالِ، فَسَلَّمَ عَلَىَّ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ، فَقَالَ ذَلِكَ فِيمَا شِئْتَ، إِنْ شِئْتَ أَنْ أُطْبِقَ عَلَيْهِمِ الأَخْشَبَيْنِ، فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَلْ أَرْجُو أَنْ يُخْرِجَ اللَّهُ مِنْ أَصْلاَبِهِمْ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ وَحْدَهُ لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا
“The Angel of the Mountains called and greeted me, and then said, “O Muhammad! Order what you wish. If you like, I will let Al-Akh-Shabain (i.e. two mountains) fall on them.” The Prophet said, “No but I hope that Allah will let them beget children who will worship Allah Alone, and will worship none besides Him.” 
‘Ala kulli haalin, it is too many lesson that can be drawn from story of Prophet Muhammad Shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam. We should make his life journey as our role models for our life. Hopefully we can meet him in heaven. Aamiin
Alhamdulillahilladzi bi ni’matihi tatimmush sholihaat, wa shallallahu ‘ala nabiyyina Muhammad wa ‘ala alihi wa shohbihi wa sallam.
 http://quran.com/33 surah Al-Ahzab verse 21.
http://quran.com/3 surah Ali-Imran verse 31.
Article Year of sadnees, available in http://www.musalla.org/Articles/Seerah/seerah17.htm
Sahih al-Bukhari 3884. Available in http://sunnah.com/urn/36290
Surah At-taubah: 113. http://quran.com/9
Surah Ali-Imran verse 185. http://quran.com/3
Sahih Muslim 2435 b. available in http://sunnah.com/muslim/44/108
Sahih al-Bukhari 3818. Available in http://quranx.com/hadith/bukhari/Book-63/Hadith-44/
Sahih Bukhari Book: 59, Hadith: 3231. Available in http://qaalarasulallah.com/hadithView.php?ID=3103
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Rabu, 6 Agustus 2014 jam 07.36
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Reviwed by : Imad Lagardien (Tutorial Assistant in Seerah 101)