Idolaters ,when they were hit by a very powerful disaster, they usually purify worship only to Allah. However, if the catastrophe is over, then they re-associating partners with Allah. This is as it was spoken by Allah azza wa jalla in the following verse:
فإذا ركبوا في الفلك دعوا الله مخلصين له الدين فلما نجاهم إلى البر إذا هم يشركون
” And when they board a ship, they supplicate Allah, sincere to Him in religion. But when He delivers them to the land, at once they associate others with Him” (Surat al-Ankabut: 65) 
This verse has same meaning in many verses in Holy Qur’an explain about this issue.
While the idolaters in our time, they always do Shirk, both in great conditions or calamity. Even (which is worse), in a state of calamity, they still do shirk, wal’iyadzu billah. Thus, it is clear that pagainism ( now ) is worst than the pagan polytheists in ancient times.
What is the Islamic ruling on seeking help from the dead ?
من الناس من يستغيثون بالاموات فيقول مثلا اذا وقع في كرب او شدة: يا بدوي اغثني او يا دسوقي ادركني
Among the people there are asking for help from the dead. For example, when he is faced in experiencing difficulty or suffering, he said, “O ‘Abdullah (ie Ahmad Al-Badawi), help me,” or “O Dusuuqi, please help me.”
Istighatsah is the practice of worship that should not be directed to other than Allah. Because in human logic that any dead person can not hear what we want, they will get busy with their case in grave (barzakh).
Original state, the dead can not hear, based on the word of Allah Ta’ala:
Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala also says:
وما أنت بمسمع من في القبور
“but you cannot make hear those in the graves.” (Surah Fatir: 22)
As well as other verses. The dead can’t hear anything, so how can the dead answer my help or extend our wish/request to Allah azza wa jalla ? Even some scholars say that Dead is sleep and sleep is Al Wafaat Ash Shughra (little death). As Allah Ta’ala says:
وهو الذي يتوفاكم بالليل ويعلم ما جرحتم بالنهار
“And it is He who takes your souls by night and knows what you have committed by day” (Surat al-An’am: 60)
The above verse clearly says that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam alone can not make the dead to hear, but he was the most righteous man. That is, it is clear that anyone who is dead can not hear the cry of people who are still alive. Ask the person who is dead is shirk because in asking for help we must always dedicate it to God alone.
Is a Muslim allowed to do extensive travelling to particular places of worship?
From Abu Sa’id al Khudri radhiyallahu ‘anhu, the Prophet shallallaahu’ alaihi wa sallam said :
لا تشد الرحال إلا إلى ثلاثة مساجد مسجد الحرام ومسجد الأقصى ومسجدي
“Do not be a journey (rihal) held, except to one of the following three mosques: Masjid al-Haram, Masjid Al Aqsa, and Masjid Nabawi (Prophet’s Mosque).” (Narrated by Bukhari number 1197)
There is a hadith which convey same with this hadith above, such as the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, the Prophet shallallaahu’ alaihi wa sallam said :
لا تشد الرحال إلا إلى ثلاثة مساجد المسجد الحرام ومسجد الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم ومسجد الأقصى
“Do not be an organized trip, except for one of the three following mosque, Masjid al-Haram, the mosque of Prophet shallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and the Aqsa Mosque.” (Narrated by Bukhari number 1139)
The hadith prohibit to include safar in order of worship to a place solely because that place. So, every safar is done in order of worship in a particular place is prohibited, except to three mosques before, namely Harom Mosque, Masjid al-Aqsa mosque and the prophetic. If we make a safar because of friendship, trade, seek knowledge, recreation and other permissible activities, then no problem. Such as we seek knowledge to a mosque in Indonesia, then this is not a problem.
How should students of knowledge approach these issues in their respective communities ?
People who advised
A preacher must consider the condition of people who advised. Do not oversimplify it. He should pay attention to the most useful way in their advice. Ways that are beneficial to the general public is not necessary suitable for advising king or ruler or a prominent person, such as community leaders.
Allah Almighty has said to Moses and Aaron when they were sent to Pharaoh:
فقولا له قولا لينا لعله يتذكر أو يخشى
And speak to him with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear [Allah].[Thaha/20: 44]
Time And Conditions attention in preaching.
Not wise when came a man who was sleeping, then walking to advice him. And is not wise to go to someone who was emotional to speak in his presence. Suppose under normal conditions would have been that person will want to hear our words. Choose a time and the right conditions for the propagation. The atmosphere or being tense or muddy conditions avoid debate and dialogue to ease tensions. Because if we enforced, it could lead to counter-productive results (not profitable).
Laying The Right Priority Scale.
A preacher should be able to put the right priorities in da’wah. Let him put the things that are most important, he should not put the small matters and he left the case bigger and more dangerous. One of the priorities laid can lead to deviations in da’wah. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam has explained to us an example of the priority scale. When he shallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam sent Muadh radi’ anhu to the country of Yemen, he said to him:
إنك تقدم على قوم أهل كتاب فليكن أول ما تدعوهم إليه عبادة الله عز وجل فإذا عرفوا الله فأخبرهم أن الله فرض عليهم خمس صلوات في يومهم وليلتهم فإذا فعلوا فأخبرهم أن الله قد فرض عليهم زكاة تؤخذ من أغنيائهم فترد على فقرائهم فإذا أطاعوا بها فخذ منهم وتوق كرائم أموالهم
“You will come to a people from among the scribes, so make them early ,in your da’wah, is worship of God alone. If they have to recognize God, tell them that God requires above their five daily prayers day and night. If they do then tell them that Allah requires over their zakat taken from their rich people and given to the poor among them. If they obey treasures so take it from them, and avoid their beloved treasures.”
Don’t underestimate people Who Advised
This dismissive attitude can make people who advised do not want to hear our preaching. Do not ever impress yourself better than him/her. Or see yourself more special from him. Or make it angry at first impression.
Mu’tamir bin Sulaiman narrated that he heard his father say, “Do not expect people who have made you angry to listen your words”. However, give the impression that you are a brother to her. Avoid quickly sentenced blindly and recklessly because it’s simply not the way of wisdom. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam has explained how a Muslim attitudes to older people and younger than himself. There are respect your elders and love younger. Respect for others, especially in the context of the mission to facilitate the receipt of our mission.
 Al-Kalimatun Nafi’ah fil Akhtha’is Sya’i’ah hal. Pg.26
This is specially proposed to fulfill assignments in Fundamentals of Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism)
Deni Setiawan Abu Muhammad [ST 10031274]